THIS WEB SITE IS BY JOHN RICHARD FREEHAFER.
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John Arthur or McArthur was born in 1790, in Tyrone County, Northern Ireland. This teacher escaped to the United States, in July 1811, by pretending to be a weaver. Teachers were discouraged from leaving his birthplace in 1811. In America, John married Rebecca Parker of Chester County, Pennsylvania. Rebecca gave birth to John Elliott on about March 11, 1827, in Muncy Creek, Pennsylvania.
John Elliott grew up without his father. John died when our Mexican War journal subject was only 3.6 years old. Although John Elliott was only educated in the public schools of Muncy Creek, Pennsylvania, he wrote journals. His first journal appears here. It contains errors. Some errors are my transcription errors. The person who helped me did not make any mistakes. I welcome corrections. John Elliott's journal lacks all the information that would be kept from a private in a war. But, at least we have Private John Elliott's story of a war Americans know little about, where John Elliott mentions many people.
(cover) JOHN ELLIOTT ARTHUR COMPANY A SECOND PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS (inside cover) Pantheon, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (sheet 1) John Elliott Arthur 2nd PA vol. Co. A. John Elliott Arthur's Book of Muncy, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania (1846) 1847 Money Lent $¢(Receiving Quantity) 1/14-John Donnelly-Dr. Dearmor-1.00 8/1-William Flickinger-1.50 8/2-John W. Johens-Paid-1.00 9/16-John Fox-0.60 12/17-3rd Corp. Charlie LeaderPaid-1.00 12/20-2nd Lt. Richard McMichael-0.50 1848-Money Lent $ ¢ 1/28-Ruben Neice-1.00 1/28-John Field-0.25 (sheet 2) Matilda Fiester Men for duty in San Angle, Mexico-24 William Marx-1 Baker Alexander-1 Jalapa Brown & Ricker-2 Perote Deihl-1 Puebla Arthur, Gibbs, Soul-3 Mexico Biding-1 Printing Bochnia-1 Cleaning M. Donnelly-1 Eating House Total 11 23 Privates 2 Sergeants 4 Corporals 2 Musicians 31 Total 2 Commissioned Officers (page 1) McConnellsville, PA 12/30/1846 The March of the Reading Artillerists from the time left Reading until their return back. The company left Reading 12/26/1846 for Philadelphia remained there until 12/28/1846. We then took the Harrisburg Railroad and arrived at 4:00 PM at Harrisburg where we took a canal boat, then we went to Chambersburg on the other road. At Carlisle we took supper at 10:00 PM came to Chambersburg at 2:00 AM on 12/29/1846. We were quartered in three motels. Here the Committee of Arrangements procured three four horse teams to haul our knapsacks to Pittsburgh. (page 2) In the morning at 6:00 AM we left for Chambersburg and marched twenty two miles to McConnellsburg where we were quartered in four hotels and were well provided for in all. 12/30/1846 we were escorted out of town by a volunteer company and went to the Rail Crossing where we all stopped in hotels. Distance--seventeen miles. 12/31/1846 went to Shellsburg a distance of twenty two miles quartered in four motels. 1/l/1847 we crossed the main ridge of Allegheny Mountains and quartered in Stoystown. Distance--twenty miles. 1/l/1847 marched in and quartered in Ligonier and quartered in three motels. (page 3) 1/3/1847 came to Greensburg distance twenty miles. Here we were heartily received by some of the volunteers of the town. We were escorted in, stopped in 3:00 PM moved in the evening attended church. From this place the citizens escorted us in wagon to East Liberty distance twenty six miles 1/4/1847 quartered in four places 1/5/1847 10:00 ?M we marched into Pittsburgh and on the same day were mustered into United States Service to serve during the war. The following men were mustered into the United States Service to serve during the present war with Mexico. (page 4) (names)(noted later)(date) Captain Thomas Loeser dead San Jose 9/14/1847 1st Lt. William Wunder discharged, Jalapa, died Mex. City-6/1/1847 2nd Lt. Levi P. Knerr furloughed; discharged-11/1/1847; 4/13/1848 Third Lieutenant H. A. M. Filbert discharged; mutilated First Sergeant Lewis Wunder disabled, discharged, Veracruz 4/4/1847 Second Sergeant Hendry Beidinger slow death Puebla 8/7/1847-9/1/1847 Third Sergeant Ellis Aker transfer to F as Lt.-5/1/1848 4th Serg. William Deihl disch. with pension Puebla-8/7/1847-1/18/1848 First Corp. William Graeff 1st Sg., 2nd Lt.; disch.-11/1/1847, 9/15/1848 2nd Corp. Jefferson Arlocher 1st Cp., 1st Sg.; disch.-11/1/1847, 5/1/1848 Third Corporeal Charles Leader 2nd Cp.; discharged-11/1/1847 Forth Corporeal William Herbert 3rd Cp.; discharged-11/1/1847 (page 5) Musician Thomas McGee discharged drummer-8/1/1847 Musician Jacob Coleman discharged fifer-8/1/1847 Privates 01 Joseph Alexander disabled Pueblo; disch. Jalapa-8/7/1847; 12/18/1847 02 John L. Anderson discharged disabled Veracruz-5/17/1847 03 Jacob Armbriester discharged 04 Paul Albert deserted New Orleans-1/25/1847 05 John E. Arthur discharged 06 John Breistly deserted New Orleans-1/25/1847 07 Henry Boyer discharged 08 Nehemiah Bean discharged 09 Franklin Biding discharged 10 Lewis Brown discharged 11 George Bachman discharged 12 Hiram Baughter discharged 13 Thomas Carragan discharged (page 6) 14 George Cramer deserted 15 Charles Colbert deserted New Orleans-1/25/1847 16 Cyprian Cobb deserted New Orleans-1/25/1847 17 John Donnelly slow death Perote-6/22/1847-9/1/1847 18 Charles Dunabar dead Jalapa-4/29/1847 19 William Deihl slow death Pueblo-8/7/1847-8/21/1847 20 James Eason slow death Perote-6/22/1847-8/19/1847 21 John Freymire discharged 22 Charles Flickinger discharged/came back 23 William Flickinger slow death Puebla-8/7/1847-11/3/1847 24 Daniel Forney slow death Puebla-8/7/1847-9/5/1847 25 William Frey disabled discharged Veracruz-5/17/1847 26 Edwin Fritz disabled discharged Veracruz-5/17/1847 27 Augustus Fisher discharged 28 John Fisher slow death Puebla-8/7/1847-8/25/1847 29 George Gibbs dead (page 7) 30 Frederick Gast discharged 31 Henry Gardiner dead Puebla-7/30/1847 32 Daniel Graeff dead San Angle-2/15/1848 33 John Hardee discharged 34 Peter Hogan discharged, Cp.-11/1/1847 35 George Hambright 1st Sg.; dead-4/4/1847; 11/8/1847 36 Charles W. Howell disabled; discharged Perote-6/27/1847;11/17/1847 37 George Henry dead Mex. City-11/29/1847 38 William Herbst discharged 39 John H. Heil discharged 40 Isaac Hotenstein deserted New Orleans-1/26/1847 41 John Jordan deserted New Orleans-1/25/1847 42 John H. Jones discharged 43 Jessie C. Jones discharged 44 Israel Karacher slow death Perote-6/22/1847-7/16/1847 45 Henry Karacher slow death Perote-6/22/1847-7/30/1847 (page 8) 46 ? 47 John Kutz slow death Veracruz-4/9/1847-5/16/1847 48 Volentina Klotz deserted New Orleans-1/25/1847 49 Charles Klinger deserted 50 Christian Linderman slow death Perote-6/22/1847-8/3/1847 51 George Long discharged 52 William Laing deserted San Angle-3/1/1848 53 Lewis Moncert disabled; discharged, Puebla-5/7/1847; 11/5/1847 54 George L. Moss slow death Perote-6/22/1847-8/30/1847 55 Nathan Metz slow death Mex. City 9/13/1847-10/17/1847 56 Peter Moyer dead Tacubaya-9/13/1847 57 Isaac Moyer discharged 58 Peter B. Madaraie discharged 59 Randall McDonald discharged 60 Silvester McKaracher slow death Puebla-5/7/1847-8/27/1847 61 Napolean Merceron slow death Perote-6/22/1847-8/27/1847 62 Albert Myers disabled, discharged, Veracruz-4/9/1847, 5/9/1847 (page 9) 63 John Miller discharged 64 William Marx discharged 65 William Patterson dead Perote-6/17/1847 66 Jacob Rapp discharged 67 Abraham Roland wounded Cerro Gordo; dead Jalapa-4/18/1847; 4/27/1847 68 Charles Ritchy dead 69 Thomas Risler dead 70 William Smith disabled, discharged, Veracruz-4/4/1847 71 Daniel G. Soul discharged 72 John Sheets wounded Cerro Gordo; dead Jalapa-4/18/1847; 4/29/1847 73 Ganet Schermerhorn dead 74 William Trayer disabled, discharged, Veracruz-4/9/1847, 5/17/1847 75 William Umpleblez discharged 76 William VanThiel dead Perote-6/11/1847 77 Barhart Vaux dead Mex. City-11/16/1847 78 Cornelius VanDoren deserted New Orleans-1/26/1847 (page 10) 79 Adam Mathias deserted New Orleans-1/25/1847 80 Frederick Saena deserted New Orleans-1/25/1847 (all: enrolled 12/23/1846; mustered in 1/5/1847; mustered out 7/21/1848) After we mustered each need $21 for clothing for six months while we here well boarded ourselves we had provided each of the companies with a tin cup plate knife and fork and spoon. 1/8/1847 at 10:00 AM we went on board the steamboat Anthony Wayne with the Harrisburg Company (The election was held in Pittsburgh for Staff Officers. The following were elected: William B. Roberts, Colonel; Ino W. Gary Lieutenant Colonel; and William Brindle Major) and at 12:00 noon we left the wharf for New Orleans. Our journey down the (page 11) river was very comfortable. We arrived at Cincinnati on the morning of 1/10/1847 at 3:00 AM, remained there until 10:00 AM and passed over the falls at Louisville Kentucky but the river being very high, we passed without danger. This ride was somewhat disagreeable. On account of some of the officers continual quarreling. 1/11/1847 we arrived at New Orleans. About passing down the river we passed several fine farms and towns passed Natchez on 1/14/1847. It is very beautifully situated on the bank of the Mississippi forty miles below Red River in Louisiana state. (page 12) When we came to New Orleans, we stopped but a short time at the city then went seven miles below to the ever memorable spot that Jackson whipped the English. The two first days that we were here we had no tents and drew no rations and therefore we had to fair the best we could. As we had no tents, the ground being very bad since it was also raining almost daily which rendered our camp very disagreeable and the officers were continually laying in the city in some hotel that it was very difficult to get anything that was wanted. This also caused a great (page 13) many more to desert than would have had the officers been in there place. The same day that we came here the First Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers were just about embarking. We remained in this camp some weeks. While here we drew new knapsacks, haversacks, canteens and some utensils. This city is well situated on the river bank. The country around it level and at times very wet and muddy, yet there are some very fine plantations in the neighborhood. Also, many beautiful orange groves filled with oranges. (page 14) The planters have small canals to carry their goods out to the river. Some are twelve miles in length. 1/24/1847 we were ordered on board the ship J. N. Cooper with three other companies by Arberman Greens of Pittsburgh, Fayette Volunteers and the Westmoreland Guards. Two of the companies were very agreeable, but the Greens were hard looking men. We lay on board for six days before we left the wharf. The Second Regiment of Mississippi Volunteers lay at the same time on the bank close by our camp. 1/30/1847 we left there and were (page 15) towed down to the mouth of the river. We got down the morning of 1/31/1847 at day break. Our orders were then sealed. We did not know where we were to land. But, when we sailed for some hours, the orders were opened and read. We were destined for Lobos Island, sixty miles south of Tampico, Mexico. At New Orleans, the following men deserted. P. Albert C. Cobb C. Colbert E. Cramer D. Hottenstein J. Jordan E. Klinger V. Klotz A. Mathias Fred Saena C VanDoren The first day we had very poor wind, also the second. We could still see land on the evening of the third (page 16) day. The seasickness now became very numerous. The men could be seen night and day leaning over the sides of the ship vomiting and looking in every direction for land. 2/4/1847 there came up a violent storm the ship lade from one side to the other during the whole day. The waves were continually slashing into the sides of the ship. Those that were sick could eat nothing that we could get on board except a little rice cooked perfectly and fresh water becoming scarce. 2/5/1847 the weather became (page 17) calm. We now being a little more used to the motion of the ship that our sickness did not effect after the first storm. Now our greatest difficulty was to get fresh water, the salt pork making us very thirsty. Some that were sick would lay and beg for hours just for one sip of water and then not get it. This happened frequently on the ship that we were on. After we were at sea five of six days we were continually looking for land, but nothing but rolling waves could we see. We passed several days (page 18) in disheartening condition. But at last on the ninth day the land moved in sight; but entirely in the wrong place. We lost sight of it. Now we became more anxious than ever, thinking that we were going from land, so we looked very hard night and day. When on the morning of 2/14/1847 we saw the masts of ships that were laying anchored at Lobos Island. 2/15/1847 commenced landing in the morning and when we came on the island, our first work was to clear off (page 19) the brushes to pitch our tents. This kept us until 2/20/1847. 2/22/1847 we drew our muskets and all other necessary accouterments and on 2/23/1847 was the first regimental. It was composed of seven companies: C, A, H, F, T, R, and E. The other three companies were kept on ship on account of having the smallpox. They did not come out of the ship until all the rest had left. We had two regiment and three company drills daily and five roll calls. Reveille was at 4:00 AM and tattoo at 8:00 PM. The island was very healthy with a cool sea breeze. (page 20) The following volunteer regiments were quartered on the island. First Pennsylvania Second Pennsylvania First New York Second Mississippi First South Carolina Several Regulars and many that did not come on shore. 2/24/1847 there was a regular guard mount, four at each company, two stationed around the island. The Mississippi Regiment left here for the Braves on 2/26/1847. 2/28/1847 we again went on board ship then set sail for Anton Lizardo, fifteen miles from Veracruz. By order of General Scott who came to the island on 2/25/1847 on board the (page 21) Massachusetts. The sea sickness had but little effect on us except a few. 3/7/1847 we arrived at designated point. When we came near shore we could see Mexicans in the bushes in large numbers. A party of soldiers went to shore, but were soon driven back. Laid here until 3/9/1847. Then we went on board some war ship and were taken down within three miles of the city. And, before we commenced landing the spitfire ran close to shore and threw several bombs over the hills to surprise the hombres, then commenced landing. Worth's division were (page 22) first landed, next was General Patterson's division in, we were, and in general Pillow's Brigade. At 10:00 PM we first stepped on shore of the Mexican soil. The regiment then formed and laid down on the beach for the night. But about 2:00 AM in the morning our rest was disturbed by a party of Mexicans firing on our camp. We then marched down the beach and turned to the left across the sand hills. It was then that marching was first introduced by carrying muskets, knapsack, (page 23) and forty rounds of cartridges before. Before marching very far, the knapsacks were thrown into the bushes in any numbers. Went about a few miles, when the alarm was given that a body of Mexicans were in our front. But, by the time we got near them, they turned and were soon out of sight. Then marched behind the hill so we could not be seen from the city. For, when they could get sight at us there would soon be a round shot or bomb visiting us. We soon came in sight of an old ruin and around this were lancers, also at magazine that was (page 24) on top of a hill. The First Pennsylvania took the magazine and laid at the ruins for that night. 3/10/1847 each division took their position. General Worth on the right, General Patterson in the center and General Twiggs on the left by the national road. Now, the next job was to build breastworks. This we worked at night and day for two weeks. Provisions were very hard to get to where we lay, and so for several days we had but one hard cracker per day. Beef, we had to go and hunt back of our lines. In this (page 25) attempt many were killed by the guerrillas. Those that ventured too far out in small parties after we had the meet had nothing more than tin cups to cook it in which I assure was a very bothersome way of living. Lay there until 3/29/1847. 3/23/1847, the mortar battery opened on the city. 3/24/1847, the sailors battery which had six guns manned by seamen. The guns were thirty six and sixty four. From 3/25/1847 they came out with a flag of truce asking for time to bury their dead. This was granted but instead of burying the dead, they went to (page 26) building breastworks and when observed our guns poured in more then ever. 3/27/1847, another flag came to agree upon terms of surrendering the city and castle. Time was given them until 6:00 PM. The following was agreed to. For the Mexican soldiers to march out at the fortifications on 3/29/1847 and stack their arms and march away. This was accordingly done on 3/29/1847. They came out and General Worth marched in. The Mexicans had rather more musical instrument than arms. This, the (page 27) first fair sight we had of the Mexicans. There number was five thousand. 3/29/1847, at 10:00 AM the American flag was wavering on both the city of Veracruz and its castle. As it was seen by the shipping, it was saluted in every direction. The Mexican forces here were commanded by General Morelos. 3/30/1847, marched down toward the city and encamped on Camp Washington. Here, we got tents again and regular rations. 4/l/1847, we were permitted to go into the city with a pass from the commanding officer here. We had two regimental drills per day. 4/8/1847, orders came to march on (page 28) 4/9/1847 toward Jalapa. Preparations were made for each company to have three tents and all that were not able to march were left in the Veracruz Hospital. Six of our company were left. Viz. J. L. Anderson William Frey E. Fritz J. Kutz A. Myers William Trayer And, on 4/7/1847 two others were discharged. Viz.: Sergeant L. Wunder, and William Smith. 4/8/1847, General Twiggs with his division left, and 4/9/1847 General Patterson left. The first day being very warm, and a sandy road kept some of the men until 11:00 PM to get up to (page 29) camp which was seventeen miles from Veracruz by a small creek. 4/10/1847, started in good order but the road was ruff and a hot day, and scarcity of water. The men soon became fatigued that they could march but twelve miles. And, again camped by a stream of water. 4/11/1847, marched eleven miles and camped by the national bridge. Here the water was very plenty and also very good. 4/12/1847, marched up to the Plana Delaware regiment, a distance of thirteen miles. Here General Twiggs laid awaiting for reinforcements. Four miles from the enemies works on the (page 30) hills Cerro Gordo. On 4/15/18479 General Twiggs gave orders to take the hills by storm. But General Twiggs at same was not fit for duty. The moment he heard this he reported fit for duty, and countermanded the order until General Scott arrived with General Worth and his division. Then, due preparations were made, the hill reconnoitered and some batteries made, and some of the principal heights taken. On 4/17/1847, Scott gave orders to take the hill by storm. On 4/18/1847, which was accordingly (page 31) the morning of the 18th we marched from camp at 6:00 AM, and reached their works by 7:00 AM. The firing then commenced on the right by General Twiggs battery that was made the night of 4/17/1847. General Pillows brigade then commenced charging on the left by the second Tennessee. The firing continued very heavy until 10:00 AM, when the enemy saw they we surrounded. Surrendered six hundred prisoners and General Lembega with four other gents. The prisoners were marched to camp and kept there two days then got (page 32) two days rations, and were sent off but leaving there arms. In this battle, A. Roland and J. Sheets were mortally wounded. The remainder of the Mexican army under General Santa Anna were pursued by Colonel Harme's Dragoons, and General Worth's division. Our division being left to bury the dead and pick up the wounded. And, on 4/20/1847, we left and marched ten miles. The dead Mexicans lay in any quantity all along the road. Camped by a stream at Kiv La Vega. 4/21/1847, marched to Camp Patterson (page 33) four miles beyond Jalapa. Passing through Jalapa until we lay in this camp it being in the rainy season we had no tents to shelter from the inclemency of the weather. We were obliged to lay in the open weather, and our rations were but half, and many had no money to buy anything. Stay here for two weeks. General Worth did not stop here, but pursued Santa Anna onto Perote. General Twiggs followed him on 5/2/1847. The Second Pennsylvania and First Artillery were left to garrison (page 34) Jalapa with Governor Colonel Chiles and all the year volunteers sent home under Patterson and Pillow, and the remainder of the troops marched into Perote on 5/7/1847. 5/6/1847, we marched into the city. Our duty here was very heavy guard duty. 5/15/1847, three companies of the First regiment came back from Perote to strengthen the garrison. 5/16/1847, Lieutenant Knerr left here in the stage for Veracruz. 4/27/1847 A. Roland died. 4/29/1847, John Sheetz and C. Dunabar died. (page 35) The country surrounding the city is mountainous. The grain is chiefly corn and barley. There are three cotton factories near and some splendid orange groves. The Mexican word for oranges is naranjas. Several alarms were given here but none effectual. 6/9/1847, all the sick of the hospital were sent to Perote, guarded by three companies of the first regiment. On 6/14/1847, Cadawalader came up and on 6/15/1847, we left the city and marched to Camp Patterson. Laid there until 6/18/1847. General Cadawalader came out of the city with all of the troops. (page 36) 6/18/1847, marched on route to Perote. Went ten miles. This day the wagon that carried our knapsacks broke and left thirty of them behind. 6/19/1847, a party of twelve went back to get them but they could not be found. This day, marched twelve miles and camped by a still house that had liquor and sugar. This came very well with us for we had no blanket. We drank the liquor of a covering for the night. Four miles before we came to this place, we burned a small town that harbored lancers that had attacked (page 37) in the morning but gained nothing by their fun except several killed and the rest badly scared. 6/20/1847, marched to Perote and camped near the castle. By the time we came here, William Patterson and William Wentheld had died. 6/28/1847, we left Perote with the First Artillery, leaving at the Perote hospital H. Baughter L. Brown J. Donnelly F .Gast C. W. Howell H. Karacher J. Karacher C. Linderman V. Merceron G. Moss I. Moyer C. Ritchy James Sedom (page 38) Marched 18 miles and camped in Topeyahaala. Stayed there until 7/3/1847. While we laid here we were mustered which was also done at Jalapa--done every two months. Cadawalader again overtook us at this place. 7/3/1847, marched nine miles to small village. 7/4/1847, marched ten miles to warm springs. Our diet was rice soup. 7/5/1847, marched four miles. General Pillow here overtook. 7/6/1847, marched fifteen miles although seven went only fourteen miles, and camped in the city of Avmayoke. 7/8/1847, came into Puebla. Eight miles and quartered in a church yard. Remained until we left the city. Here, the volunteers regiments were put into one division commanded by Major General Quitman, and Brigadier General Shields. 7/16/1857, we passed review by General Scott. 7/20/1847, Gardiner died. 7/27/1847 part of the regiment went under command of Captain Loeser to view the city of Cholula at the place of the Cortez Massacre. The Montazumas in all 17,000 they are buried in pyramids. (page 40) There is now a church standing on the pyramid built in the year 1660. There is nothing to be seen of the city except mud walls. 8/7/1847, General Twiggs division left Pueblo for Mexico City. 8/8/1847, General Quitman's marched ten miles. Left in Pueblo Hospital, viz.: J. Alexander Sergeant H. Beidinger Sergeant W. Deihl J. Fisher W. Flicker D. Forney H. Jones J. Jones S. McKaracher Lewis Moncert W. Umpleblez 8/9/1847, marched twelve miles. General Worth left Pueblo. Camped in San Martini. (page 41) 8/10/1847, marched fourteen miles and camped by the Rio Frio. This day General Pillow left Pueblo. 8/11/1847, crossed the mountain and quartered in Ixtla, twelve miles. We now laid two miles from Mexican batteries on the Penyon Hills. 8/12/1847, General Worth came up and turned to the left. 8/13/1847, Pillow followed Worth. 8/15/1847, Quitman's division made up to Twiggs; camp, but turned and came back and followed Worth. Marched four miles from our (page 42) quarters and camped in Chalco. We now left the national road. 8/16/1847, went six miles, camped in Labasco. 8/17/1847, seven miles and quartered in San Gregoria. 8/18/1847, came eight miles and camped in a corn field. Several artillery pieces were discharged. 8/19/1847, came two miles into San Augustin. General Pillow was just about leaving to march onto the works of Contrares at 12:00 noon. He arrived near the enemy at 1:00 PM. The firing of his troops opened, fought hard for two hours. The New York and South Carolina Volunteers then came. (page 43) The attack was renewed and kept up until dark. Our troops were then placed during the night to cut off their retreat. In the morning at day break, heavy fireovers open on both sides and kept up for fifteen minutes. The enemy then surrendered twenty one pieces of artillery and several hundred prisoners. The Second Pennsylvania laid, the Marine Corps was left to guard the train, but San Augustin. But at 6:00 ?M we were sent to reinforce General Pillow. We proceeded two miles. We heard that the battle (page 44) was over, came back and took our former position. Generals Worth and Twiggs, supported by Pillow and the Second Regiment of Volunteers, commenced storming Churubusco at 10:00 AM and fought until 4:00 PM. Then breastworks were taken and several prisoners among which were seventy Americans who had deserted the United States Army and joined the Mexicans. Twiggs proceeded to San Angle and Worth and Pillow to Tacubaya. Quitman's division remained at San Augustin. (page 45) Our living here was chiefly fruit and roast ears. The inhabitants had chiefly deserted the place. Our duty hear was light after the battle of Churubusco. There was an armistice formed which ended by the Mexicans building a battery to keep us out of the city. While this was there was some wagons that went into the city and the Mexicans commenced storming them out. 9/8/1847, left Augustin and went five miles to San Angle. This day General Worth took the breastwork of Molina Del Rey (page 46) and drove Santa Anna to the castle of Chapultepec. At San Angle, Lieutenants Wunder and Filbert and Private Charles Flickinger went to the General Hospital in Tacubaya. Sergeant Major Richard McMichael was appointed Second Lieutenant of Company A, Second Pennsylvania. 9/10/1847, fifteen men were detailed of the regiment to act with a detail of each regiment as stormers. 9/11/1857, left hear at 4:00 PM, marched toward the castle to build breastworks. Came to there at 11:00 PM. Worked all night until 8:00 next morning. Distance (page 47) from San Angle to Tacubaya is eight miles. We were then riled. They saw us now from the castle. They fired several rounds shot at us but to no effect. During the day skirmishing parties were out to reconnoiter the enemies works. In one of those parties, three of our men were wounded. Viz.: J. Frinny, J. Miller, and Corporal W. Herbert. The whole division was kept under arms. 9/12/1847, at 9:00 ?M, the regiment was formed to charge the castle. Storming party in advance and at 10:00 the flag of the brave was on the castle. (page 48) Remained at the castle past an hour then formed and marched on toward the Garita De Belen or gate of the city which is two miles. Charged two batteries before we came to the gates under a continual firing from their batteries. Were maneuvering all day their principle fire came from the citadel, remain until dark firing, then ceased and we laid down on the battlefield to rest. The wounded of the day. J. Armbriester J. E. Arthur G. Henry P. Hogan J. McGee N. Metry D. Moyer D. Soul J. Rapp (page 49) During the night, they threw up a breastwork and placed some mortars and cannon by daylight. They came with a flag of truce to let us know the main body of the army had left the city. The troops then marched in thinking of no danger, but some of the men were shot from the tops of houses and from the corners of streets. The Second Regiment Pennsylvania quartered in the citadel. The wounded of Chapultepec and Garita were taken back to Tacubaya 9/15/1847, Peter Moyer died. (page 50) 9/16/1847 Lieutenant W. Wunder was buried in the city in the Presbyterian graveyard. 9/18/1847, the wounded were brought into the city Regiment Hospital Second Doctor. General A. Quitman, governor of the city. The regiment moved from the citadel to the palace. Remained a few days then moved to the outskirts of the city. 10/4/1847, Nathan Meby died from the effects of his wound. 10/14/1847, I could move about on crutches. 10/29/1847, the First time I left the hospital. I used a cane. 11/l/1847, a large train left here (page 51) for Veracruz. C. Flicker and Lieutenant H. A. M. Filbert went home with it. 11/6/1847, an election was held to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Colonel Roberts; Lieutenant Colonel Elect of the Second Pennsylvania Brindle; Lieutenant Colonel McMichael. 11/10/1847, Sergeant G. Harmbright died. 11/18/1847, mail came from Veracruz. 11/25/1847, Bar Vanse died. 11/30/1847, G. Henry died by his wounds. 12/5/1847, General Patterson came with five hundred Texas Rangers. 12/7/1847, the train came in with (page 52) three thousand troops commanded by General Cushion, First Pennsylvania. The train also brought some of the sick from the back hospital, viz.: J. C. Jones, W. Umpleblez Pueblo Hospital; H. Baughter, F. Gast Perote. 12/10/1847, came a regiment from Tennessee. George Hambright was named orderly sergeant at Camp Washington. 4/2/1847, after in the city of Mexico after his death, William Graeff was appointed. 12/17/1847, General Worth's division moved to Tacubaya, a small train came from Veracruz with the Fifth Indiana and Third Tennessee (page 53) regiments and two Kentucky regiments on 12/18/1847. 12/19/1847, General Cushions Brigade left the city composed of the following regiments. First, and Second Pennsylvania, New York, South Carolina, and one Massachusetts went to San Angle. Company A Second Pennsylvania left in hospital: J. Armbriester J. E. Arthur N. Bean G. Gibbs W. Herbst J. Rapp D. Soul 12/20/1847, Colonel Harneys train came from Veracruz with recruits for the army. Lieutenant Daitlen bringing recruits for Second Pennsylvania. John Jones came from Pueblo Hospital, joined the company at San Angle eight miles from Mexico. General Butler also came with the (page 54) train with some new troops. The city of Mexico is situated in a large valley partly covered with small lakes. Fruit is plenty on the surrounding ridges. Timber is very scarce. The mountains are apparently nothing but sand or they have been by the looks burning. 12/25/1847, Christmas is highly noticeable by the Mexicans as it is Catholics. 12/26/1847, we received Polk's message in the American Star printed in the city of Mexico. There are also two other papers (page 55) published here--the North American, and the Yankee Doodle. 12/28/1847, the South Carolina hospital was moved into the Second Pennsylvania hospital. 12/29/1847, the hospital of both regiments were moved into a general hospital in the palace of King Aterbine. New York Volunteers and third Artillery also had their hospital in the same building. 12/31/1847, the general hospital was mustered by Sergeant Tripler for two months pay. 1/2/1848, General Valencia with two colonels and several other (page 56) prisoners were brought in, prisoners that had been taken the day before, some sixty miles from the city of Mexico by a squadron of dragoons, and some Texas Rangers. The parties were commanded by Colonel Wynhoop of the First Pennsylvania Volunteers. All the troops that marched from Pueblo on 8/7/1847, and 8/10/1847 last and were in the battles of the valley have need of two pairs of shoes, and one blanket. 1/5/1848, the second division left here on route to Toluca, west sixty miles. They were commanded by General Cadawalader (page 57) with four regiments. 1/24/1848, a train left here for Veracruz with several discharged soldiers wounded and sick. 1/21/1848, the advance of General Narshores' train came in composed of five hundred Georgia Mountaineer men and some foot. 1/22/1848, the rear of the same came in with the First Infantry and some hospital men from different places. 1/27/1848, the Second Regiment Pennsylvania was paid two months wages for 11/1847 to 12/1847. Some few weeks General Lane left here with eight hundred men (page 58) to search for Santa Anna near the Inazeba. 2/l/1848, Colonel Clark's Brigade left for Cuamavaco of the First and Seventh Infantry Georgia mounted Battalion, and Lood's light Battery. 2/27/1848, mail from Veracruz, the train came in. 3/5/1848, the train left for Veracruz. 3/7/1848, Ash Wednesday, this day is strictly observed by the Mexican. They have a cross painted on their foreheads with ink or paint. (page 57) 3/6/1848, a train left for Veracruz, the remains of Lieutenant Wunder were taken with it by Colonel Jackson. 3/11/1848, General Hospital moved the sick to their respective regiment to San Angle. 3/27/1848, Cushion's brigade was reviewed by General Patterson at San Angle. 1/26/1848, a bill was introduced into the Senate by General Cass to reduce the clothing money of the Volunteers. It passed 2/3/1848. 3/19/1848, mail from Veracruz. 3/28/1848, mail from Veracruz. (page 60) 4/3/1848, another mail and or the night of the scene a most daring robbery and murder was committed in the city of Mexico by breaking open a store and killing the clerk. The alarm soon brought the guard, Lieutenant Isack Hairr of the Second Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers was one of the gang. He was wounded in the spot, the rest escaped for the night. Lieutenant Dulten, also of the Second Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers was taken the next (page 61) morning and since several others were taken. 4/8/1848 , a lieutenant of Company M 2nd Pennsylvania Volunteers also was arrested confined to prison with the rest. Lieutenant Madison of Company M was arrested on 4/13/1848, paid for two months in San Angle. 5/25/1848, treaty ratified between Mexico and the United States. News of the treaty reached the city of Mexico the same day. 5/30/1848, marching orders from San Angle Mexico. (page 62) 5/30/1848, marched on south to Veracruz from San Angle and camped near Ayotta, a distance of twenty two miles. 5/31/1848, went fourteen miles to camp Rio Frio. 6/l/1848, went to camp Rio Rialto. 6/2/1848, marched seven miles too San Bartholomew. 6/3/1848, marched to Amozoc, twenty two miles. 6/4/1848, went to Acaiete, fourteen miles. 6/5/1848, went to Ojo De Aqua, other warm springs, fifteen miles. 6/6/1848, went to Typp Ewaca, twenty one miles. 6/7/1848, went to Perote, eighteen miles. (page 66) 6/8/1848, went to La Howse. 6/9/1848, went seventeen miles. 6/10/1848, went to Nen Saaro, six miles and lay until 6/16/1848, then marched to Plana Del Rio. 6/17/1848, left Plana Del Rio at 1:00 AM and marched to Puenta De Naconal, only to leave their the evening of the same day at 5:00 PM and march to San Goixn. 6/18/1848, left San Goixn at 5:00 AM only to arrive at 3:00 PM at some wharf on 3/20/1848. 6/20/1848, the three regiments under Rear, from Veracruz, went on board the Bark Florida of New Orleans. We left the wharf that day at 7:00 PM, and sailed until 6/27/1848 when arrived at the mouth of the Mississippi at 11:00 AM. We were (page 65) towed by the same boat, up the river to Algiers opposite New Orleans, where remained for a few hours and there was towed to Carrollton, seven miles above New Orleans. The Eighth Company left 6/27/1848, a day before everyone else except Company E. They were still in the city when we left. Troops are daily coming in. 7/l/1848, we were ordered to go on board a steam (page 66) boat with three companies of the first regiment. The order was countermanded by Colonel Brindle. We then laid on the wharf until 7/3/1848. We then went on board the Carolina with five companies of the major regiment. (Spent 7/4/1848 on the steamboat.) 7/5/1848, we past Natchez at 4:00 AM, and past Vicksburg Mississippi at 10:00 PM. We arrived at Memphis (page 67) City Tennessee at 3:00 PM for two hours on 7/7/1848. 7/10/1848, we came into the Ohio River at 3:00 AM. We came to Paducah, Kentucky at 11:00 AM. 7/12/1848, we came to Louisville Kentucky at 10:00 AM. At Louisville we left the Carolina and walked up to the city and went on the Monroe. We left Louisville at 8:00 PM the same day on the Monroe. She took us up to Cincinnati, where we arrived on 7/14/1848 at 3:00 AM. (page 68) The morning of the same, we took all our things on shore and at 12:00 noon again went on board of her and came to Pittsburgh on 7/18/1848 at 2:00 PM. We marched to government quarters and from there to boarding houses. 7/19/1848, we turned in our arms. 7/22/1848, we were paid $64.00 as privates. (page 69) 7/24/1848, we left Pittsburgh on the state canal. (Fare was $5.50 for soldiers) at 7:00 PM, and came to the plains 7/26/1848, at 6:00 AM, and then arrived at Hollidaysburg by 10:00 AM, a distance of forty six miles. We remained there until the evening of 7/27/1848, and came to the break in the canal on 7/29/1848 at 8:00 AM, and then too stages to the junction which is sixteen miles. We remained there until (page 70) 7:00 PM, and then arrived in Harrisburg at 10:00 PM the same evening. We came to Philadelphia on 7/30/1848 at 8:00 AM by railroad. We arrived at the plains at 2:00 PM, and at 3:00 left for reading on the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. We came to Reading at 5:00 where we met with a hearty reception and were welcomed by everyone home. And this end. (page 71) 8/4/1848, I remained in Reading for four days and then took passage for Pottsville. 8/5/1848, I took the stages for Bloomsburg. And, from there Fort Bloomsburg and from there for Muncy by a private convoy. And, this same day, I remained in the neighborhood until 8/15/1848 and went to Danville from there and to Bloomsburg on 8/16/1848. And, on the morning of 8/19/1848, I left there in the stage for Pottsville at which place I arrived (page 72) at 2:00 PM and at 3:00 PM left there in the cars (fast line) for Reading and came to said place at 4:00 PM the same day and commenced work in the afternoon of 8/21/1848 at the Reading Depot. 9/13/1848, the members of the company that were in town paraded in memory of the anniversary of the Battle of Chapultepec, and the Garita De Belen. There were twenty one privates and noncommissioned officers of those that served in (page 73) Mexico. 2/22/1849, paraded again with six old members and some recruits. 7/16/1849, I joined the Encampment of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, shortly after I was recommended to it by Henry Crawther and John E. Vohaly. (page 74) (page 75) (page 76) In the hospital at different stations Lieutenant W. Wunder-Tacubaya Lieutenant W. A. M. Filbert-Tacubaya First Sergeant Hambright-missing Second Sergeant H. Beidinger-Pueblo Third Sergeant E. Aker-Tacubaya Fourth Sergeant W. Deihl-Pueblo Corporal Third Class C. Leader-Tacubaya Private Thomas Wristler-? (page 77) The following are the names of those that were engaged in the battle of 9/12/1848, 9/13/1848, and 9/14/1848. Members of Company A Second Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers. Captain T. S. Loeser Lieutenant R. McMichael First Sergeant W. Graeff Second Corporal J. Arlocher Third Corporal W. Herbert Fourth Corporal Peter Hogan Private J. Ambriester Private J. E. Arthur Private H. Boyer Private J. Breistley (page 78) Private F. Bitting Private N. Bean Private T. Carragan Private John Freymire Private Daniel Graeff Private John Hardy Private George Henry Private John Heil Private George Long Private N. Metz Private Peter Moyer Private Isaac Moyer Private P. B. Madaraie Private John Miller Private Jacab Rapp Private D. G. Soul Private Ganet Schermerhorn Private Barnhart Vaux In order as each man fell September 12, 13, and 14, 1848. Private John Freymire-slight Private John Miller-slight Corporal William Herbert-slight Private Peter Moyer-mortally Private Jacob Rapp-slight Private Jacob Armbriester-slight Corporal Peter Hogan-slight Private Henry Boyer-slight Private John Hardy-slight Private Thomas McGee-slight Private George Henry-severely Private Nathan Metz-slight Private John E. Arthur-slight Private D. G. Soul-slight (page 79) Passed Louisville, shipped into the boat Monroe (picture of two mountains) passed Cincinnati the 14th came on the same boat. (picture of one bigger mountain) (page 80) 8/2/1847, Isaac Moyer came from Perote and joined the company at Pueblo. 12/17/1847, W. Umpleblez and J. C. Jones came from Pueblo to the city of Mexico then Baughter and F. Gast on the same day from Perote. General Hospital city of Mexico returned to the regiment at San Angel. 1/2/1848, Armbriester, N. Bean, J. Rapp, W, Herbst. 3/31/1848 J. E. Arthur. 4/7/1848, Charles Flickinger, came to San Angle from New Orleans Hospital. They were sent from the city of Mexico 11/2/1847. (page 81) A piece of the filling of a bombshell received at the Belen Gates in my right thigh on 9/13/1847, was taken out on 2/25/1848. My leg was opened on 2/24/1848. 2/25/1848, performed by Dr. McMullen belonging to the United States Army. 6/7/1848, Lewis Brown and Charles Ritchy came to the company where camped at Perote. (page 82) From whence the numbers of a pack of cards is taken two reminds me of the father, son; three reminds me of the father, son and holy ghost; four reminds me of the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John; five reminds me of the wise and foolish virgins five of each; six reminds me of the sixth day that God made the world; seven reminds me of the seventh day the God rested; eight reminds me of the eight persons that were with Noah in the Ark; (page 83) nine reminds me of the ten lepers, nine never returned God thanks; ten reminds me of the ten commandments; knave reminds the man that brought me here (or a dishonest man); queen reminds me of the queen that came from the utter most parts of the earth to worship the son of God; king reminds me of the king that sat on the throne; and ace reminds me of one year (page 84) Discharged and Dead of the Reading Artillery Discharged at Veracruz 4/7/1848 Sergeant L. Wunder, W. Smith Died at Veracruz John Kutz Discharged at Veracruz 5/22/1848 J. Q. Anderson A. Myers E. Fritz W. Frey W. Trayer Discharged at Jalapa 5/16/1848 Lieutenant L. P. Knerr Died at Jalapa J. Sheetz C. Dunabar A. Roland Died at Perote 4/17/1848 VanThiel W. Patterson I. Karacher H. Karacher G. L. Moss C. Linderman (page 85) J. Donnelly J. Eason N. Merceron Discharged at Perote C. W. Howell Died in Pueblo John Gardiner D. Forney J. Fisher W. Diehl S. McKaracher Sergeant H. Beidinger W. Flickinger Discharged in Pueblo L. Moncert Died in Tacubaya Lieutenant W. Wunder Peter Moyer Discharged in city of Mexico Lieutenant H. A. M. Filbert C. Flicker Died in city of Mexico N. N. Metz G. Henry B. Vaux Sergeant G. Hambright Discharged in Pueblo Sergeant William Deihl--disability caused by a wound in the elbow received at the siege of Pueblo (page 86) Died in San Angle 2/14/1848 Daniel Graeff--of the trachielous Died at New Orleans on his way home 12/1847 Joseph Alexander--small loss--he was the army thief and robber he was. (page 87) Letters Received in Mexico Robert B. Arthur-3 George M. Rinehart-2 Rebecca Arthur-1 William Arthur-3 Jacob Harris-1 and six papers (A picture of two soldiers--one carrying water, the other carrying a chicken--both have back packs) (page 88) Letters sent from the Army by J. E. Arthur of Company A Second Pennsylvania Volunteers. Franklin Witman-2 Alexander A. Smith-4 John A. Stout-2 Augustus Rinehart-1 Willimer Hammond-1 Robert B. Arthur-3 Rebecca Arthur-5 Henry Feister-1 Jacob Bruner-1 George Rinehart-3 William Arthur-4 Jacob Haws-3 James E. Stout-1 Otis McCarty-1 (page 89) The places that the Pennsylvania Second Volunteers were mustered. Pittsburgh-1/5/1847 Lobos Island-2/28/1847 Camp Misery near Jalapa-4/29/1847 Tippialualco-6/30/1847 San Augustin-8/29/1847 City of Mexico-10/30/1847 San Angle-12/31/1847 San Angle-2/28/1848 San Angel-4/30/1848 (last sheet) (Map of General Sturbiedes Palace with water tank, stairway, front yard, wash house, dink, back yard, palace, kiva, worship area.) It was three and four stories. (last cover) (Pictures of two women, and a man in a tall hat. The word naranjas meaning oranges, is coming out of one lady's mouth.)
Here is some information on John Elliott Arthur from after the Mexican War.
John Elliott Married Rebecca Petrie Moyer on May 13, 1851, at the First German Reformed Church of Reading, Pennsylvania. John Elliott Arthur's Bible lists his seven children: 1) Mary Elmira was born Monday, March 21, 1853 at 1:00 AM; 2) James Ancona was born Friday, December 28, 1855 at 7:00 AM ; 3) Frank Moyer was born Monday, March 22, 1858 at 4:00 PM; 4) Amos Alvin was born Saturday, December 3,, 1859 at 5:00 PM; Amos' daughter Mary married Fred Koch Freehafer.***** 5) John Elliott, Jr. was born Saturday, December 3, 1859 at 5:00 PM; 6) Fannie Louisa was born August with September crossed out 20, 1864 at 1:00 AM and died December 19, 1872 at 6:00 AM; and 7) Daisy Arthur was born Tuesday, October 9, 1866 at 8:00 PM. ARTHUR IN PENNSYLVANIA CENSUS RECORDS 1820 LYCOMING COUNTY, MORELAND SERIES M33 ROLL 107 VOLUME 12, PAGE 108 JOHN ARTHUR 2M UNDER 10 2F UNDER 10 1M 26-45 1F 16-26 June 1830 LYCOMING COUNTY, MUNCY CREEK SERIES M19 ROLL 166 VOLUME 24, PAGE 194 JOHN ARTHURS 2 M 0-5 2 F 10-15 2 M 5-10 1 F 30-40 1 M 10-15 1 M 15-20 1 M 40-50 September 1840 LYCOMING COUNTY, MUCNY CREEK SERIES M704 ROLL 473 VOLUME 17, PAGE 50 REBECCA ARTHUR--FIVE ARE IN AGRICULTURE 2 M 10-15 1 F 20-30 2 M 15-20 1 F 40-50 1 M 20-30 August/September 1850 LYCOMING COUNTY, MUNCY CREEK SERIES M432 ROLL 795 PAGE 416; LINE 8; 8/14/1850 REBECCA ARTHUR H 52 1798 ALL BORN IN PA DANNY S 22 1828 LABORER SARAH DL 23 1827 OTIS GS 2 1848 BERKS COUNTY, SE WARD READING SERIES M432 ROLL 752 PAGE 275; LINE 38; 9/30/1850 JOHN ARTHUR H 26 1824 MACHINIST BORN IN PA July/August, 1870 BERKS COUNTY, READING 4TH WARD SERIES M593 ROLL 1307 PAGE 35; V. 836; 8/1/1870 JOHN E. ARTHUR H 44 1826 BLACKSMITH; RE $6200; P $200 REBECCA W 40 1830 MARY E. D 17 1853 FRANKLIN S 12 1858 AMOS A. S 10 1860 JOHN E. S 8 1862 FANNY L. D 6 1864 June, 1880 ED 46; PAGE 18 or 165; SD 3 VOL 14; LINE 13; 6/5/1880 SERIES T9 ROLL 1101 BERKS COUNTY, 127 S. 4TH STREET, READING, WARD 4 JOHN E. ARTHUR H 50 1827 BLACKSMITH REBECCA P. W 53 1830 HOUSEWIFE JOHN E. S 18 1862 APPRENTICE MACHINIST EMILY D 13 1867 AT SCHOOL 1890 UNION VETERANS AND WIDOWS, JUNE 1890 SERIES M123 ROLL82 ED 64; SD 13; LINE 31; PAGE--NONE 127 SW 4TH STREET, READING, WARD 4 JOHN E. ARTHUR, LT. COLONEL, 93 PA VOLUNTEERS SERVED 10/12/1861-11/14/1862 OR 1 YEAR 1 MONTH 2 DAYS; REENLISTED IN 42ND 1900 ED 56; SD 7; SHEET 5; VOLUME 37; LINE 1; 6/5/1900 SERIES T623 ROLL 1378 BERKS COUNTY, READING, 127 SOUTH FOURTH STREET; FREE OF MORTGAGE REBECCA P. ARTHUR H 70 10/1829 5 KIDS LIVING LIVES ALONE ARTHUR IN THE CHARLES EVANS CEMETERY, READING, PENNSYLVANIA NAME DATE OF DEATH AGE JOHN E. ARTHUR 3/15/1900 75Y 10D REBECCA P. ARTHUR 2/24/1903 73Y
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